What is Hydrocele?

The testes are formed in the abdomen and slowly descend into the scrotum through a narrow tube during foetal development in the womb. Non-closure of this tube causes fluids from the abdomen to drain into the scrotum. This leads to a hydrocele, the accumulation of fluid within the scrotum. It is a common condition in new-born babies. Injury or inflammation of the testicles, or inguinal hernia may also cause a hydrocele.

Symptoms of Hydrocele

Symptoms include painless, swelling of one or both testicles.

Diagnosis of Hydrocele

Your doctor diagnoses hydrocele by performing a physical examination and by shining a light on the enlarged scrotum. If a hydrocele is present, the scrotum will light up. Your doctor may order an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment of Hydrocele

A hydrocele does not usually cause harm. However, surgery (hydrocelectomy) is indicated if a hydrocele is large, causing discomfort or infection, develops from an inguinal hernia or does not resolve in a few months.